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Coffee beans guide

coffee beans falling out of coffee cup

This article is about coffee beans—the two main types of coffee beans used in the world. I have created this article from my experiences trying out coffees, reading books, researching online and from the many years drinking and making coffee at home!

You will get a brief introduction to coffee beans and how to choose a bean or style of roasting that will line up with the flavors you already like in your coffee.

For starters, there are hundreds of different kinds to choose from – dark roasted beans to light-roasted ones, caffeinated or decaffeinated. You can also brew your own at home using any brewing method you prefer: drip machine, pour-over cone, French press pot…or even an old fashioned percolator! But if you’re not much of a coffee drinker yourself, don’t worry; there are still plenty of other ways that people use this wonderful beverage in their lives. For example, do you love drinking tea but wish that it had more flavor?

Coffee Cherry

Coffee Cherry

Coffee cherry is the fruit of coffee beans. It is a round, red berry that grows on the coffee tree. The fruit has two layers. Inside the outer layer are seeds called “coffee beans” or “beans”. They’re also ground up into powder for drinks like espresso and lattes! Coffee cherry is often used as an ingredient in liqueurs such as amaretto di Saronno, sambuca Romana, grappa, maraschino cherries, cajeta de leche (Mexican milk caramel), chinese black tea with oolong flower petals

Two main types of beans

Aribica and Robusta coffee beans

There are two main types of coffee beans: Arabica and Robusta. They come from different species of coffee plants, and they have different flavor profiles. Arabica is the most popular type of bean among professionals, so it’s usually what you’ll find in speciality shops. It has a smooth taste with notes of chocolate or fruit-flavored sweetness that comes from fruity acids called esters. Robusta is more bitter than Arabica but also has a lot more caffeine content – about twice as much as an average cup of coffee brewed from 100% Arabica beans! So if you’re looking for a big jolt to start your morning off on the right foot (or keep you going throughout the day), then go ahead and reach for robusta coffee beans.

Coffee roasts

Coffee Roasting

Coffee roasts are a classification of coffee that is roasted to different levels. The flavor and strength depend on the degree of roast. Understanding how each roast taste and what it can do for your morning cup will ensure you get your perfect brew every time. It can be hard to know what kind of coffee you want. Some people like mild flavors, while others prefer rich and dark roasts. There are many different kinds of coffee beans that go into the different kinds of roast levels, so it’s important to understand them all before deciding which one is right for you. 

Light roast

Light Roast

A light roast coffee is a great place to start for beginners who are unfamiliar with the different types of roasts. The light roast has more fruity notes and less acidity, making it easier to drink black or add cream and sugar. A lighter roast will have higher levels of caffeine because there is less time spent roasting beans, which removes some of the caffeine from the bean. 

Medium roast

Medium Roast

Medium roast coffee is the most popular type of coffee in the United States. It’s also known as American or standard roast because it’s one of many types of coffees that originated in the Americas. Medium roast beans are roasted for around 11 to 15 minutes, which creates a flavor profile that can be described as light and less acidic than dark roasts but more robust than lighter roasts like Turkish Roast Espresso Blend. This makes medium roast coffee perfect for people who enjoy drinking their morning cup without feeling like they’re sacrificing taste. 

Dark roast

Dark Roast

Darker roasts have more flavor and body. If you like dark coffee, then read on to learn everything, there is to know about this type of bean! The roasted coffee bean color (or darkness) will depend on how long they are roasted. Roasting time can be anywhere from 15 minutes up to 45 minutes or more, depending on the desired darkness level. When starting out with darker brews, I recommend sticking to medium-to-dark roast coffees for at least 20 minutes of total roasting time before tasting anything. 


Coffee Blends

Coffee blends are an important part of the coffee experience. The blend is what determines the flavor profile of your coffee and can be determined by region or country. There are four main types of blends: single origin, light roast, medium roast, dark roast. Single-origin coffees are usually best for those who enjoy lighter roasts with fruity notes to them. Light roasts have a more balanced aroma between acidity and sweetness- try these if you like caramel flavors in your coffee! Medium roasted coffees have darker aromas but still maintain some balance between acidity and sweetness- great for chocolate lovers! Dark roasted beans have deep flavors that come from an even combination of both acidity and sweetness – perfect if you’re looking for


Caffeine is a stimulant found in drinks such as coffee, tea, chocolate and soda. Caffeine has been shown to be addictive when consumed regularly. The effects of caffeine include increased alertness and concentration, faster reaction time and improved mood. You can find out how much caffeine is in your favorite drink by looking at the Nutrition Facts label on the package or bottle. 


Coffee is a beverage that many people enjoy, but it’s not for everyone. Many people like their coffee with caffeine in it, but others do not want the effects of caffeine on their body. Decaffeinated coffee is an option for those who don’t want to experience the stimulant effects of regular coffee. 

What to do next?

coffee cup surrounded with beans

Choose what flavours you like and try out a few coffee beans to see what is your favourite!

Check out our other pages to learn more while you grab a coffee and enjoy!

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